Fostering Community Engagement in Protecting Coastal Zone in Malaysia
Keywords:Coastal Zone, Coastal Erosion, Coastal Management, Community Engagement
For many years now, the coastal areas in Peninsular Malaysia have been experiencing coastal erosion issues. Various initiatives were executed to reduce the coastal areas from eroding further. This study aims at assessing the local community's beliefs and insight in protecting their beaches. Pantai Jeram and Pantai Remis were selected as the case study, and a questionnaire survey using purposive sampling was conducted involving 212 residents. Site observation and a focus group discussion were also operated. Results demonstrated severe damage to the coastal areas and revealed the awareness and willingness of the community to participate in community engagement programs.
Keywords: Coastal Zone; Coastal Erosion; Coastal Management; Community Engagement
eISSN 2398-4295 ©2020 The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bs by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/). Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.
Abdullah, L. and Qing, S.X. (2015), Quality of Life Among Coastal Population Using Weighted Geographic Information System: A Case of Setiu Wetlands, International Journal of Information Processing and Management (IJIPM), Vol. 6, Number 4, 2015.
Asmawi, M. Z. (2012), The Future of Coastal Management Programme in Malaysia: Making the Coast Visible to Planner, Journal of the Malaysian Institute of Planners, Vol. 10 (2012), pg.125-146.
Azid, A., Che Hasnam, C.N., Juahir, H., Amran, M.A., Toriman, M.E., Kamaruddin, M.K.A., Mohd Saudi, A.S., Gasim,
M.B. and Mustafa, A.D. (2015), Coastal Erosion Measurement Along Tanjung Lumpur to Cherok Paloh, Pahang During the Northeast Monsoon Season, Jurnal Teknologi, 2015, pg.27-34.
Babbie, E (2014) The Basics of Social Research (6th edition). United States: Wadsworth Cengage Learning. Bansal, A. (2017) Survey Sampling. Oxford: Alpha Science International Ltd.
Brown, I. (2010), Multi-Functional Assessment of Coastal Landscapes with Climate Change. In: Green, D.R. (ed.), Coastal and Marine Geospatial Technologies, Coastal Systems and Continental Margins, Vol. 13, pg.335-346.
Delgado-Fernandez, I., McBride, M., Platt, R. and Cameron, M. (2015), Sefton’s Coast Vulnerability to Coastal
Flooding Using DEM Data, North West Geography, Vol. 15, No. 1, 2015, pg.1-8.
Department of Irrigation and Drainage (2014), Pelan Risiko Bencana Kawasan Pantai Daerah Kuala Langat-Sabak Bernam, Selangor, Malaysia.
Economic Planning Unit (2015) Rancangan Malaysia ke-11 (2016-2020). In: Unit Perancang Ekonomi Jabatan Perdana Menteri. Retrieved from http://www.epu.gov.my
Ghazali, N.H.M. (2006), Coastal Erosion and Reclamation in Malaysia, Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management, 9 (2), pg.237-247, DOI: 10.1080/14634980600721474.
Hail, J.R. (1980) Applied Geomorphology. Oxford: Elsevier.
Google Earth (2010) Satellite Images of Pantai Remis, Kuala Selangor, Malaysia. Google Earth (2014) Satellite Images of Pantai Remis, Kuala Selangor, Malaysia. Google Earth (2018) Satellite Images of Pantai Remis, Kuala Selangor, Malaysia. Google Earth (2010) Satellite Images of Pantai Jeram, Kuala Selangor, Malaysia. Google Earth (2014) Satellite Images of Pantai Jeram, Kuala Selangor, Malaysia. Google Earth (2017) Satellite Images of Pantai Jeram, Kuala Selangor, Malaysia.
Haslett, S.K. (2009) (2nd Edition), Coastal Systems. Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group: London.
Hashim, R., Kamali, B., Mohd Tamin, N. and Zakaria, R. (2010), An Integrated Approach to Coastal Rehabilitation: Mangrove Restoration in Sungai Haji Dorani, Malaysia, Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 86 (2010) pg.118-124.
Harbitz, C.B, Kaiser, G., Glimsdal, S., Jaedicke, C., Vafeidis, A.T., Gothlich, S.E., Hoydal, O.A., Lovholt, F. and Nadim, F. (2016), Coastal Inundation, Multi-hazard Analysis for a Construction Site in Malaysia, International Journal of Risk Assessment and Management, Vol. 19, Nos. 1-2, 2016, pg.142-164.
Jensen, J.H., Savioli, J.C. and Saaban, K. (2016), The Impact of Wave Blocking from Ship Hulls on the Stability of Tg. Piai Coastline, International Journal of Environmental Science and Development, Vol. 7, 2016.
Lee, O.A. (2010), Coastal Resort Development in Malaysia: A Review of Policy Use in the Pre-construction and Post-construction Phase, Ocean & Coastal Management, 53 (2010), pg.439-446.
Lee, Y. (2015), Protecting the Coastline from the Effects of Climate Change: Adaptive Design for the Coastal Areas of Gangneung, Korea, Journal of Building Construction and Planning Research, 2015, 3, pg.107-115.
Lopez-Carresi, A., Forhham, M., Wisner, B. Kelman, I. and Gaillard, JC. (2014) (Eds.) Disaster Management. International Lessons in Risk Reduction, Response and Recovery. New York: Routledge.
PLANMalaysia (2012a). The National Coastal Zone Physical Plan (Jilid 1). Department of Town and Country Planning: Kuala Lumpur.
PLANMalaysia (2012b). The National Coastal Zone Physical Plan (Jilid 2). Department of Town and Country Planning: Kuala Lumpur.
PLANMalaysia@Selangor (2019) Map of Pantai Remis and Pantai Jeram, Kuala Selangor. Selangor: PLANMalaysia@Selangor.
Plowright, D. (2011) Using Mixed Methods: Frameworks for an Integrated Methodology. London: SAGE Publications, Ltd.
Pourebrahim, S., Hadipour, M. and Mokhtar, M. (2015), Impact Assessment of Rapid Development on Land Use Changes in Coastal Areas; Case of Kuala Langat District, Malaysia, Environ Dev Sustain, 17, pg.1003-1016.
Shaffril, H.A.M., D’Silva, J.L., Kamaruddin, N. and Omar, S.Z. (2015), The Coastal Community Awareness Towards the Climate Change in Malaysia, International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management, Vol. 7, No. 4, 2015, pg.516-533, DOI: 10.1108/IJCCSM-07-2014-0089.
Silva, R., Martinez, M. L., Hesp, P.A., Catalan, P., Osorio, A.F., Martell, R., Fossati, M., Da Silva, G.M., Marino- Tapia, I., Pereira, P., Cienguegos, R., Klein, A. and Govaere, G. (2014), Present anf Future Challenges of Coastal Erosion in Latin America, Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue No. 71, 2015, pg. 1-16.
Taylor, B., Sinha, G. and Ghoshal, T. (2006) Research Methodology: A Guide for Researchers in Management and Social Sciences. India: Prentice-Hall.
United Nations (2016), New Urban Agenda. Housing and Sustainable Urban Development (Habitat III). Quito: Ecuador.
Van Rijn, L.C. (2011), Coastal Erosion and Control, Ocean & Coastal Management, 54 (2011), pg.867-887.
Van Wesenbeeck, B.K., Balke, T., Van Eijk, P., Siry, H.Y., Tonneijck, F., Rudianto, M.E. and Winterwerp, J.C. (2015), Aquaculture Induced Erosion of Tropical Coastlines Throws Coastal Communities Back into Poverty, Ocean & Coastal Management, 116 (2015), pg.466-469.
Yin, R.K. (2014) Case Study Research. Design and Methods. London: SAGE Publications Ltd.