Cubed-ice vs Wetted-ice as a Cryotherapeutic Agent in the Malaysian Climate


  • Norlizah Abdul Hamid Faculty of Sports Science and Recreation, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40150 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Mohd Firdaus Nawawi Faculty of Sports Science and Recreation, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40150 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Nagoor Meera Abdullah Faculty of Sports Science and Recreation, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40150 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Rozita Abd Latif Faculty of Sports Science and Recreation, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40150 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia



Malaysia climate, cutaneous temperature, cube ice, wetted-ice


The effects of cubed-ice and wetted-ice on cutaneous temperature were studied. Skin temperature was taken at every two-minute intervals, for a period of 20 minutes. 20 female varsity students with mean age of 21.7 ± 0.6 years, mean height of 161.6 ± 5.47 cm, and mean body mass of 54.1 ± 8.8 kg participated in this study. Paired sample t-test showed that cubed-ice was a better cryotherapeutic agent than wetted-ice. The result contradicts the findings of past studies suggesting that ambient temperature and relative humidity could have an effect on the efficacy of the cryotherapeutic agents. 

Keywords: Malaysia climate; cutaneous temperature;cube ice; wetted-ice

eISSN 2398-4295 © 2018. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bs by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open-access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license ( Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia. 


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How to Cite

Abdul Hamid, N., Nawawi, M. F., Abdullah, N. M., & Abd Latif, R. (2018). Cubed-ice vs Wetted-ice as a Cryotherapeutic Agent in the Malaysian Climate. Asian Journal of Behavioural Studies, 3(11), 45–54.