The Role of Tree Shades for Adaptive Thermal Comfort


  • Rabiatul Adawiyah Nasir Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Malaysia
  • Sabarinah Sh Ahmad Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Malaysia
  • Azni Zain-Ahmed Institute of Science, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Malaysia
  • Norhati Ibrahim Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Malaysia



Trees, Canopies, Thermal Comfort, Urban Park


Trees are an essential part of every community in an urban area. The trees' canopies and crowns provide comfortable conditions for outdoor activities and recreation. This paper presents the simulations of tree shades, which is proven to enhance the microclimate of an urban park. The results showed that the tree shades sustained the microclimate of the park; lower the air temperature control the thermal comfort and maintained the wind flow. The implications of the outcomes show significant modifications in the human comfort sensation concerning the restoration of urban setting with tree shades.

Keywords: Trees; Canopies; Thermal Comfort; Urban Park

eISSN 2398-4295 © 2018. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bs by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open-access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license ( Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.


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How to Cite

Nasir, R. A., Sh Ahmad, S., Zain-Ahmed, A., & Ibrahim, N. (2018). The Role of Tree Shades for Adaptive Thermal Comfort. Asian Journal of Behavioural Studies, 3(11), 179–189.