Preserving Cultural Landscape: Malaysia’s East Coast traditional Malay settlement in change

Najiha Jaffar, Nor Zalina Harun

Abstract


A traditional settlement is defined as an area with sound and a strong sense of traditional village character inhabited by a society that preserves their cultural and traditional practices. However, the society’s traditions and way of life have continuously been threatened as the country moves towards urbanisation. Thus, this paper aimed to identify the changes in the traditional settlement and identify the issues in deterioration of traditional Malay settlement. A mixed-method approach applied as the research methodology. The findings reveal the changes and impact include six underlying factors; natural disaster, lack of maintenance, modern development, destruction by irresponsible parties, lack of awareness and declining of traditional product in the market.

Keywords: traditional settlements; issues; heritage sites; conservation of heritage sites

eISSN 2398-4295 © 2019. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bs by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open-access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/). Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21834/ajbes.v4i16.177


Keywords


traditional settlements; issues; heritage sites; conservation of heritage sites

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abd. Razak, D (2015). Save our vanishing kampong, The New Straits Times, 24 December 2015

Abdullah, N. H., Patterson, I., Pegg, S., & Abdullah, N. H. (2015). Organisers’ and Residents’ Views about the Benefits and Costs: The Case of Monsoon Cup International Sailing Regatta, Malaysia. International Journal of Sport Management, Recreation and Tourism, 17(d), 46-66.

Abdullah, S. A., & Hezri, A. A. (2008). From forest landscape to agricultural landscape in the developing tropical country of Malaysia: pattern, process, and their significance on policy. Environmental Management, 42(5), 907-917.

Ahmad, R. (2013). Cultural landscapes as heritage in Malaysia: Potentials, threats, and current practices. Utrecht University.

Alfonzo, M. A. (2005). To walk or not to walk? The hierarchy of walking needs. Environment and behavior, 37(6), 808-836.

Alhabshi, S. M. (2010). Urban renewal of traditional settlements in Singapore and Malaysia: The cases of Geylang Serai and Kampung Bharu. Asian Survey, 50(6), 1135-1161.

Ariffin, N. F. M. (2007). Role of Cultural Landscape in Improving the Identify of the Kuala Terengganu Town Centre as a Malay Historic Town (Doctoral dissertation, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia).

Berita Harian (2016, 3 Julai). 29 kampung tradisi di Pulau Pinang bakal lenyap.

Berrigan, D., & Troiano, R. P. (2002). The association between urban form and physical activity in US adults. American journal of preventive medicine, 23(2), 74-79.

Black, C., Collins, A., & Snell, M. (2001). Encouraging walking: the case of journey-to-school trips in compact urban areas. Urban studies, 38(7), 1121-1141.

Brookfield, H., Hadi, A. S., & Mahmud, Z. (2004). The city in the village. The Insitu Urbanization of Villages.

Cartier, C. (2002). Megadevelopment in Malaysia: From heritage landscapes to “leisurescapes” in Melaka's tourism sector. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography, 19(2), 151-176.

Christine, L., & Abdullah, R. (2007). Cultural Landscape of Traditional House Compounds in Terengganu (Doctoral dissertation, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia).

ECER (2010). Kuala Terengganu City Centre: A Vibrant Heritage Waterfront City. East Coast Economic Region Development Council (ECERDC).

Ghoomi, H. A., Yazdanfar, S. A., Hosseini, S. B., & Maleki, S. N. (2015). Comparing the components of sense of place in the traditional and modern residential neighborhoods. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 201, 275-285.

Jani, H. H. M., & Hussain, M. R. M. (2014). Reclaiming the loss of the Minangkabau cultural landscape in Negeri Sembilan. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 153, 317-329.

Jani, M., Hanurhaza, H., Hussain, M., & Ramzi, M. (2011). Cultural landscape: a new paradigm for landscape architecture.

Lai, L. Y., Said, I., & Kubota, A. (2013). The roles of cultural spaces in Malaysia's historic towns: The case of Kuala Dungun and Taiping. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 85, 602-625.

Maliki, N. Z. (2008). Kampung/landscape: rural-urban migrants' interpretations of their home landscape. The case of Alor Star and Kuala Lumpur (Doctoral dissertation, Lincoln University).

McGranahan, G., & Satterthwaite, D. (2014). Urbanisation: Concepts and Trends. London: IIED

McGregor, J. A., Camfield, L., Masae, A., & Promphaking, B. (2008). Wellbeing, development and social change in Thailand. Thammasat Economic Journal, 26(2), 1-27.

Najafi, M., & Shariff, M. K. B. M. (2011). The concept of place and sense of place in architectural studies. International Journal of Human and Social Sciences, 6(3), 187-193.

Narayanan, S., & Rostam, K. (2017). Impak sosial pembangunan Bandar Baru Putrajaya terhadap penduduk asal: Kes isi rumah yang dipindahkan ke Taman Permata, Dengkil, Selangor (Social impacts of Putrajaya New Town development on the original settlers: The case of the resettled households in Taman Permata, Dengkil, Selangor). Geografia-Malaysian Journal of Society and Space, 8(4).

Ngah, K., Rahman, M. F. A., Zan, Z. M., & Zakaria, Z. (2015). Development Pressure in South West District of Penang: Issues and Implications. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 211, 429-436.

Nguyen, H. M. (2013). Cultural Behavior: Climatic adaptive approaches of traditional housing in Vietnam Northern lowland area. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 85, 368-382.

Radzuan, M., & Syahrul, I. (2016). Cultural heritage incentives for the conservation of traditional settlements: the case of Malaysia, Japan and South Korea/Indera Syahrul Mat Radzuan (Doctoral dissertation, University of Malaya).

Samsudin, N. A (2017). Pembangunan Semula Tebingan Sungai Dan Impak Terhadap Rupabandar Bandaraya Kuala Terengganu. Persidangan Geografi Dan Alam Sekitar Kali Ke-6

Samsudin, P. Y., & Maliki, N. Z. (2015). Preserving cultural landscape in homestay programme towards sustainable tourism: brief critical review concept. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 170, 433-441.

Shamsuddin, S. (2011). Townscape revisited: Unravelling the character of the historic townscape in Malaysia. Penerbit UTM Press.

Shamsuddin, S., Sulaiman, A. B., & Amat, R. C. (2012). urban landscape factors that influenced the character of George Town, Penang UNESCO World Heritage Site. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 50, 238-253.

Shuhana, S. (2011). Townscape Revisited: Unravelling the Character of the Historic Townscape in Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Press.

Shuib, K. B., & Hashim, H. (2012). Rice field and the traditional settlements of Kerian: A continuing cultural heritage landscape. In IFLA Asia Pacific Regional, Cultural Landscape Symposium, 3-5 December.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21834/ajbes.v4i16.177

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.