Assessment of Climate Comfort in Vernacular and Contemporary Houses Of Iran


  • Rana Soleymanpour Asl Navasar
  • Nastaran Parsaei
  • Maryam Banaei



Technology development causes a human oriented design to be forgotten all over the world. In housing design, one of the important factors for human-oriented design is Climate comfort. Today similar architectural patterns in different climate regions in Iran, can't provide residents comfort. While vernacular housing architecture of Iran had different patterns for providing climate comfort in different regions. The aim of this paper is to suggest some solutions to enhance the level of comfort in today's housing of Iran. This paper compares contemporary and vernacular houses of Iran in terms of climate comfort by using description and case study analysis methods.

Keywords: comfort; climate comfort; contemporary housing; vernacular housing

2398-4295 © 2017 The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license ( Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, UniversitiTeknologi MARA, Malaysia.


Bodach, S., Lang, W., Hamhabe, J., (2014). Climate responsive building design strategies of vernacular architecture in Nepal. Energy and Buildings Journal, 81, 227–242.

Ghobadiyan, V., Mahdavi, M., Watson Donald, LK. (2013). Climatic Design of Theoretical and Implemental Principles of Energy Application in Buildings. Tehran, Iran: publication of Tehran University.

Givoni, B, M., (1969). Climate and Architecture. London, New York: Elsevier Publishing Company Limited.

Helena, C., (1998). Bioclimatism in vernacular architecture. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2(1), 67-87.

Iran Meteorological Organization. (1991-2011). Data processing center. Tehran, Iran.

Iranian Cultural Heritage, Hand Craft & Tourism Organization. (2005-2013). Measured Drawing Report of traditional house in Iran, Central library of General Research Center. Tehran, Iran.

Jahan Bakhsh, S., (1998). Evaluation of Tabriz Human Bio climate, building thermal needs. Geographical Research Quarterly, 48, p. 68.

Kasmaii, M., (2008). Climate and architecture. Tehran, Iran (pp. 210): publication of Iran housing investing company.

Nguyen, A, T., Tran, Q, B., Tran, D, Q., Reiter, S., (2011). An investigation on climate responsive design strategies of vernacular housing in Vietnam. Building and Environment, 46, 2088-2106.

Pourvahidi, P., (2010). Bioclimatic Analysis of Vernacular Iranian Architecture. Gazimagusa, North Cyprus: Eastern Mediterranean University.

Rakoto-Joseph, O., Garde, F., David, M., Adelard, L., Randriamanantany, Z.A., (2009). Development of climatic zones and passive solar design in Madagascar. Energy Conversion and Management, 50 (4), 1004–1010.

Ramezani, B., Maghsodi, F., Shafaghati, M., (2013). Assessing and Feasibility of Climatic Comfort in Bandar-e Anzali by Effective Temperature Model and Evans. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences, 6(12), 825-832.

Sassi, P., (2006). Strategies for sustainable architecture, Taylor & Francis.

Shakoor, a., (2011), Analysis of the Role of Natural Environment in the Compatibility of Human Settlements with it “Emphasizing Application of Climate in Esfahan Rural Architecture, Iran”. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 5(12), 1524-1526.

Shokouhian, M., Soflaee, F., Nikkhah, F., (2007). Environmental effect of courtyard in sustainable architecture of Iran (Cold regions). Paper presented at 28th AIVC Conference on Building Low Energy Cooling and Advanced Ventilation Technologies in the 21st Century, Crete island, Greece.

Singh, M. K., Mahapatra, S., Atreya, S. K., (2009). Bioclimatism and vernacular architecture of North-East India. Building and Environment, 44 (5), 878–888.

Vural, N., Vural, S, L., Engin, N., Sumerkan, M, R., (2007). Eastern Black Sea Region-A sample of modular design in the vernacular architecture. Building and Environment, 42, 2746–2761.




How to Cite

Asl Navasar, R. S., Parsaei, N., & Banaei, M. (2017). Assessment of Climate Comfort in Vernacular and Contemporary Houses Of Iran. Asian Journal of Behavioural Studies, 2(7), 1–9.