Assessing Residential Satisfaction by Level of Residence in Off-Campus Environment


  • Muhammad Hilmy Muslim Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam 40450, Malaysia
  • Hafazah Abdul Karim Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam 40450, Malaysia
  • Ishak Che Abdullah Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam 40450, Malaysia
  • Puziah Ahmad Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam 40450, Malaysia



Residential satisfaction, levels of environment, off-campus environment


This study aims to clarify the explanatory factors and the extent to which those factors help to predict the overall residential satisfaction among students living off-campus. This survey utilized a stratified sample of individuals with a questionnaire which was administered to 341 non-resident (NR) students, in seven groups of neighborhoods in the city of Shah Alam. In the analytic process, a Factor Analysis procedure is applied to reduce the data set and to uncover the relationships between various factors and dimensions of the students’ residential satisfaction. Descriptive results show a degree of satisfaction with each level of the residential environment.

Keywords: Residential satisfaction; levels of environment; off-campus environment

eISSN 2398-4295 © 2018. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bs by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open-access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license ( Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia. 


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How to Cite

Muslim, M. H., Abdul Karim, H., Che Abdullah, I., & Ahmad, P. (2018). Assessing Residential Satisfaction by Level of Residence in Off-Campus Environment. Asian Journal of Behavioural Studies, 3(10), 11–22.