Quality-of-Life Studies in Natural and Built Environment: Challenges and emerging issues


  • Mohammad Abdul Mohit Kulliyyah (Faculty) of Architecture and Environmental Design, IIUM, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia




Quality of life, built environment, happiness, life satisfaction.


Quality of life (QOL) is a multifaceted concept being used by a variety of disciplines. Theoretical aspect of QOL relates to happiness, life satisfaction and needs satisfaction approaches. It is a complex construct, and its measurement is multidimensional. QOL researchers use either objective or subjective measurement or a combination of two, through modeling exercises. It is a growing area of research. Many disciplines have embedded QOL within their researches. Nevertheless, in Built Environment, such as Architecture, Landscape Architecture, Quantity Surveying, Applied Art, QOL researches are few. Therefore, it is recommended that QOL research should be embedded in environmental design discipline. 

Keywords: Quality of life, built environment; happiness; life satisfaction.

eISSN 2398-4295 © 2018. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bs by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open-access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/). Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia.



Allardt, E. Ed. (1993). Having, Loving, Being: An Alternative to the Swedish Model of Welfare Research, in M. Nussbaum and A. Sen (Eds). The Quality of Life. Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp.88-94.

Arndt, J. (1981). Marketing and the Quality of Life.Journal of Economic Psychology, 1 pp.283-301.

Anderson, B. (2004). Information Society Technologies and Quality of life – A literature review and a tool for thought. Working Paper. Ipswich: University of Essex.

Brown, R.J. and Brown, I. (2005).The application of quality of life.Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 49 (10): 718-727.

Campbell, A.C., Converse, P., and Rogers, W.L. (1976).The Quality of American Life: Perceptions, Evaluations and Satisfactions. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Costanza, R. et al (2008). An Integrative Approach to Quality of Life Measurement, Research, and Policy, SAPIENS, 1 (1), pp. 17-21.

Cummins, R.A. (1997). Comprehensive Quality of Life Scale: Manual. Melbourne: Deakin University.

Gregory, D., Johnston, R., Pratt, G. (Eds) (2009). Quality of Life, in Dictionary of Human Geography. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

Jones, A. (2002). A guide to doing quality of life studies. UK: School of Public Policy, University of Birmingham.

Kahneman, D. (1999). Objective happiness, in Kahneman, D., Diener, E.And Schwara, N. (Eds).Well-being: The Foundations of Hedonic Psychology. New York: Sage Publications.

Marans, R.W. (2012)). Quality of Urban Life Studies: An Overview and Implications for Environment-Behavior Research.Procedia- Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 35, pp.9-22.

Marans, R.W. and Stimson, R. (2011) (Eds).Investigating Quality of Urban Life – Theory, Methods and Empirical Research.EBook. Springer Science + Business Media

Maslow, A. (1954). Motivation and Personality. New York: Harper.

McCrea, R., Stimson, R., and Marans, R.W. (2011). The Evolution of Integrative Approaches to the Analysis of Quality of Urban Life, in Marans, R.W., and Stimson, R. (Eds) Investigating Quality of Urban Life – Theory, Methods, and Empirical Research. EBook.Springer, pp.77-106.

Mohit, M.A. (2014). Present Trends and Future Directions of Quality of Life . Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 153, pp.655-665.

Mohit, M.A. (2013a). Quality of Life in Natural and Built Environment – An Introductory Analysis.Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 101, pp.33-43.

Mohit, M.A. (2013b). Objective Analysis of Variation in the Regional Quality of Life in Malaysia and its Policy Implications.Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 101, pp.454-464..

Mohit, M.A. and NurulNazyddah (2011).Social housing program of Selangor Zakat Board of Malaysia and housing satisfaction. Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, 26 (2): 143-164

Mohit, M.A., Mansor Ibrahim and YongRazidah Rashid (2010). Assessment of residential satisfaction in newly designed public low-cost housing in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Habitat International, 34(1): 18-27.

Rapley, M. (2003).Quality of Life Research: A Critical Introduction. London: Sage Publications.

Raphael, D., Renwick, R., Brown, I., Steinmetz, B., Sehdev, H. And Phillips, S. (2001). Making the links between community structure and individual well-being: Community quality of life in Riverdale, Toronto, Canada.Health and Place, 7, pp. 179-196.

Schalock, R.L. (2004). Concept of Quality of Life, Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 48(3): 206- 216.

Sirgy, M.J. (1995). Developing a Life Satisfaction Measure Based on Need Hierarchy Theory. In Sirgy, M.J., and Samli, A. C. (Eds).New Dimensions in Marketing/ Quality-of-Life Research.West Port, CT06881: Quorum Books, pp.3-26.

Sirgy, M.J. (1996). Strategic Marketing Planning guide by the Quality of Life.Journal of Business Ethics, 15, pp. 251-259.

Sirgy, M.J. (2001). Handbook of quality-of-life research. Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Sirgy, M.J., and Lee, D.J. (2006).Well-being – Encyclopedia of Business Ethics and Society. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.

TAC Social Issues Subcommittee (2004).The social component of community sustainability: a framework user’s guide. Canada: Greater Vancouver Regional District.

UN-HABITAT (2012). State of the World’s Cities 2012/2013: Prosperity of Cities. Nairobi: UN-HABITAT.

WHOQOL Group (1998). The World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment (WHOQOL): development and general psychometric properties, Social Science and Medicine, 46, 12: 1569-85.




How to Cite

Abdul Mohit, M. (2018). Quality-of-Life Studies in Natural and Built Environment: Challenges and emerging issues. Asian Journal of Behavioural Studies, 3(10), 147–157. https://doi.org/10.21834/ajbes.v3i10.89