Temporary Food Handlers’ Compliance with Effective Food-Hygiene Practices
Keywords:Hygiene practices, temporary workers, food handlers, community health
Success in food handling depends, in part, on a self-regulation practice factor that accounts for better results in food safety. A self-report study conducted on 318 food handlers reveal that temporary workers were able to comply with the overall hygiene practices outlined in the 1983 Malaysian Food Act and the 2009 Food Hygiene Regulations. This study also shows that proper training of these workers could result in high-level hygiene practices at public food service institutions that would satisfy the community’s appetite for safe and healthy food.
Keywords: Hygiene practices; temporary workers; food handlers; community health
eISSN 2398-4295 © 2018. The Authors. Published for AMER ABRA cE-Bs by e-International Publishing House, Ltd., UK. This is an open-access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/). Peer–review under responsibility of AMER (Association of Malaysian Environment-Behaviour Researchers), ABRA (Association of Behavioural Researchers on Asians) and cE-Bs (Centre for Environment-Behaviour Studies), Faculty of Architecture, Planning & Surveying, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia
Aruoma, O. I. (2006). The impact of food regulation on the food supply chain. Toxicology, 221, 119-127.
Balzaretti, C. M., & Marzano, M. A. (2012). Prevention of travel-related foodborne diseases: microbiological risk assessment of food handlers and ready-to-eat foods in Northern Italy airport restaurants. Food Control, (JFCO 2812). University of Milan, Italy.
Bordia, P., Restubog, S. L. D., Bordia, S., & Tang, R. L. (2010). Breach Begets breach: Trickle-Down effects of psychological contract breach on customer service. Journal of Management, 36(6), 1578-1607.
Buccheri, C., C. Mammina, S. Giammanco, M. Giammanco, M. La Guardia, & Casuccio, A. (2010). Knowledge, attitudes and selfreported practices of food service staff in nursing homes and long-term care facilities. Food Control, 21, 1367-1373.
Casey, C., & Alach, P. (2004). 'Just a temp?' Women, temporary employment and lifestyle. Work, employment and society, 18(3), 459-480.
Chambel, M. J., & Alcover, C.-M. (2011). The psychological contract of call-centre workers: employment conditions, satisfaction and civic virtue. Economic and Industrial Democracy, 32(1), 115-134.
Food Act 1983 [Act 281]. (2012). Food Hygiene Regulations 2009. Kuala Lumpur: International Law Book Services.
Griffith, C. J. (2006). Food safety: where from and where to? British Food Journal, 108(1), 6-15.
Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., Anderson, R. E., & Tatham, R. L. (2010). Multivariate Data Analysis (6th. ed.): Prentice Hall International Inc.
Holvoet, K., Jacxsens, L., Sampers, I., & Uyttendaele, M. (2012). Insight into the Prevalence and Distribution of Microbial
McSwane, D., Rue, N., & Linton, R. (2000). Essentials of Food Safety & Sanitation (2nd edition ed.). New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Merriam-Webster. (2006). Merriam-Webster's Online Dictionary Retrieved 15 January 2007, from http://www.mw.com/dictionary/practices
Michaels, B., Keller, C., Blevins, M., Paoli, G., Ruthman, T., Todd, E., & Griffith, C. J. (2004). Prevention of food worker transmission of foodborne pathogens: risk assessment and evaluation of effective hygiene intervention strategies. Food Service Technology, 4, 31-49.
Ministry of Health. (2012). Annual Report 2010 (pp. 385).
Murphy, K. S., DiPietro, R. B., Kock, G., & Lee, J. S. (2011). Does the mandatory food safety training and certification for restaurant employees improve inspection outcomes? International Journal of Hospitality Management, 30, 150-156.
Nyi, N. N., Maizun, M. Z., Wan Mansor, H., Hamzah, A. M., Noraidatulakma, A., & Mohd Hilmi, A. B. (2007). A study on effectiveness of health education program on knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of food handlers towards foodborne diseases and food safety. International Medical Journal, 14, 253-260.
Osimani, A., Aquilanti, L., Babini, V., Tavoletti, S., & Clementi, F. (2011). An eight-year report on the implementation of HACCP in a university canteen: impact on the microbiological quality of meals. International Journal of Environmental Health Research, 21(2), 120-132.
Payne-Palacio, J., & Theis, M. (2012). Foodservice Management Principles and Practices (12th. Ed. ed.): Prentice Hall.
Rodriguez, M., Valero, A., G. D. Posada-Izquierdo, Carrasco, E., & Zurera, G. (2011). Evaluation of food handler practices and microbiological status of ready-to-eat foods in long-term care facilities in the Andalusia Region of Spain. Journal of Food Protection, 74(9), 1504-1512.
Sekaran, U. (2010). Research Methods for Business: A skill Building Approach (Fourth ed.). Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Serraino, A., Veronese, G., Alonso, S., Matera, R., Lugoboni, B., & Giacometti, F. (2010). Bactericidal activity of electrolyzed oxidizing water on food processing surfaces. Ital. J. Food Sci., 2(22), 222-228.
Tang, C., & Fong, U. (2004). A survey of food hygiene knowledge and attitudes among Chinese food handlers
Jacxsens, L., Kussaga, J., Luning, P. A., Spiegel, M. V. d., Devlieghere, F., & Uytendaele, M. (2009). A microbial assessment scheme to measure microbial performance of food safety management systems. International Journal Food Microbiology, 134, 113-125.
Lahou, E., Jacxsens, L., Daelman, J., Landeghem, F. V., & Uyttendaele, M. (2012). Microbiological performance of a food safety management system in a food service operation. Journal of Food Protection, 75, 706-716.
Lenard, P. T., & Straehle, C. (2012). Temporary labour migration, global redistibution, and democratic justice. Politics, Phillosophy & Economics, 11(2), 206-230.
Levine, D. M., Stephan, D. F., Krehbiel, T. C., & Berenson, M. L. (2008). Statistics for Managers using Microsoft Excel. New Jersey: Pearson International Edition.
Luyt, S. A. (1996). A study to assess the changes in hygiene of food premises following a specific health education programme. Masters Diploma in Technology (Public Health), Cape Peninsula University of Technology, Cape Town.
Mazni, S., Toh, P. S., Mohamed Azam, M. A., & Debbie, F. M. (2012, 3-5 Sept 2012). The impact of food safety practices on organizational performance. Paper presented at the International Hotel and Tourism Conference 2012: Journey into Challenging Times for Research & Innovations, Concorde Hotel, Kuala Lumpur Malaysia
Sue Grossbauer, R. (2001). Managing Foodservice Operations: A System Approach for Healthcare and Institutions (4th. ed.). St. Charles, IL: Dietary Managers Association.